Background information
Release date
Stile stop-motion
Directed by Henry Selick
Based on Coraline by Neil Gaiman
Company Laika
Country United States
Running Time 100 minutes
Produced by Henry Selick
Claire Jennings
Music By Bruno Coulais
Language English
Written By Henry Selick
Neil Gaiman
Film information
Budget $60 million
Gross $120,154,106
Edited By Christopher Murrie
Distributed By Focus Features

Coraline is a 2009 stop-motion film produced by Laika and directed by Henry Selick. The film was a success in critics and box office. It is the first stop-motion film to be shot, and also is the first to have a transformation sequence.


The film is about a young girl named Coraline Jones who is having a miserable, boring life. The movie starts right after her family moves. She doesn't have any friends, her parents are too busy to pay attention to her, the weather is terrible, and her new neighbors are ridiculous and annoying. She discovers a small door that at times will lead her to a parallel "Other" version of her own world, except everything is much better, and the people have buttons rather than eyes. Her Other Parents eventually reveal their plan to sew buttons into Coraline's eyes, and the Other Mother kidnaps Coraline's parents. Coraline must escape and in the process save her parents along with three Ghost Children the Other Mother previously captured.


At its peak, the film involved the efforts of 450 people,[1] including from 30[2] to 35[1] animators and digital designers in the Digital Design Group (DDG) directed by Dan Casey and more than 250 technicians and designers.[2] One crew member was hired specifically to knit miniature sweaters and other clothing for the puppet characters, using knitting needles as thin as human hair.[1]

Coraline was staged in a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) warehouse in Hillsboro.[1][2] The stage was divided into 50 lots,[3] which played host to nearly 150 sets.[1] Among the sets were three miniature Victorian mansions, a 42-foot (12.8 m) apple orchard, and a model of Ashland, Oregon including tiny details such as banners for the Oregon Shakespeare Festival.[2]

The film's creators used three 3D printing systems from Objet in the development and production of the film. Thousands of high-quality 3D models, ranging from facial expressions to doorknobs were printed in 3D using the Polyjet matrix systems, which enable the fast transformation of CAD (computer-aided design) drawings into high-quality 3D models. The characters of Coraline could potentially exhibit over 208,000 facial expressions.[4]

The Detroit Zoo snow globe featured in the film contains a sculpture of the Rackham Memorial Fountain, a local landmark.


Focus Features distributed the film. Coraline appeared at Comic-Con 2007. A trailer was shown with the films Beowulf, U2 3D, Twilight, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Inkheart, Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa, My Bloody Valentine 3D, and The Tale of Despereaux.Template:Citation needed

Home mediaEdit

The film was released in the US on DVD and Blu-ray on July 21, 2009. A 3-D version comes with four sets of 3-D glasses—specifically the green-magenta anaglyph image.

Coraline was released in the United Kingdom on DVD and Blu-ray on October 12, 2009. A 3-D version of the film was also released on a 2-Disc Collector's Edition.

The DVD opened to first week sales of 1,036,845 and over $19 million in revenue. Total sales stand at 2,132,928 and almost $39 million in revenue.[5]

Other mediaEdit

The soundtrack for Coraline on E1 Music (formerly Koch Records) features songs performed by French composer Bruno Coulais with one, "Other Father Song", by They Might Be Giants. The Other Father's singing voice is provided by John Linnell, one of the singers from the band. They wrote ten songs for the film; when a melancholy tone was decided, all but one were cut. Coulais's score was performed by the Hungarian Symphony Orchestra and features choral pieces sung by the Children's Choir of Nice in a nonsense language.[6] It was released digitally February 3, and in stores since February 24, 2009.

The website for Coraline involves an interactive exploration game where the player can scroll through Coraline's world. It won the 2009 Webby Award for "Best Use of Animation or Motion Graphics," both by the people and the Webby organization. It was also nominated for the Webby "Movie and Film" category.[7]

On June 16, 2008, D3 Publisher announced the release of a video game based on the film. It was developed by Papaya Studio for the Wii and PlayStation 2 and by Art Co. for Nintendo DS. It was released on January 27, 2009, close to the film's theatrical release.[8]


Critical responseEdit

Coraline was acclaimed by critics. As of May 2009, the film has an 89% "Certified Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes,[9] and a 80 out of 100 at Metacritic, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[10] David Edelstein said the film is "a bona fide fairy tale" that needed a "touch less entrancement and a touch more … story":[11]

A. O. Scott of The New York Times called the film "exquisitely realized" with a "slower pace and a more contemplative tone than the novel. It is certainly exciting, but rather than race through ever noisier set pieces toward a hectic climax in the manner of so much animation aimed at kids, Coraline lingers in an atmosphere that is creepy, wonderfully strange and full of feeling.[12]

Box officeEdit

According to Paul Dergarabedian, a movie business analyst with Media by Numbers, for the film to succeed it needed a box office comparable to Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, which grossed $16 million its opening weekend and ended up making more than $192 million worldwide; prior to the film's release, Dergarabedian thought Laika "should be really pleased" if it made close to $10 million on its opening weekend.[2]

In its US opening weekend, the film made $16.85 million, ranking third at the box office.[13] It made $15 million on its second weekend, bringing its U.S. total up to $35.6 million, $25.5 million of which coming from 3D presentations.[14] As of November 2009, the film has grossed $75,286,229 in the United States and Canada and $123,106,072 worldwide.[15]

Awards and nominationsEdit

  • Honored with special achievement award (Martin Meunier, Brian McLean [for their Rapid Prototyping (RP) advances])


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